Musharraf was born in Delhi, India, in 1943, and grew up in Pakistan after the partition of India in 1947. He joined the Pakistan Army in 1964, and rose through the ranks to become the Chief of Army Staff in 1998. In 1999, he staged a military coup that overthrew the democratically elected government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, and became the President of Pakistan.
Mastermind of Kargil War:
The Kargil War was one of the defining moments of Musharraf’s presidency. The conflict, which took place in the Kargil district of Kashmir in 1999, was a military standoff between India and Pakistan that resulted in the deaths of hundreds of soldiers on both sides. Musharraf, who was the Chief of Army Staff at the time, has been widely accused of being behind the decision to launch the conflict, and the conflict is widely seen as one of the most serious military confrontations between the two countries since their independence.
Despite the controversy surrounding the Kargil War, Musharraf was widely seen as a progressive and modernizing leader who was committed to bringing about political and economic reforms in Pakistan. He was an ally of the United States in the War on Terror, and played a key role in supporting the US-led invasion of Afghanistan following the September 11 attacks.
However, despite his successes, Musharraf’s presidency was marred by allegations of human rights abuses and corruption. He was accused of suppressing the press, cracking down on political dissent, and engaging in widespread corruption. He was also criticized for his handling of the conflict in Kashmir, and for his support of Islamist militant groups.
In 2008, Musharraf resigned from the presidency after facing mounting political pressure, and went into exile in Dubai. He returned to Pakistan in 2013 to participate in the general election, but was disqualified from running due to his role in the military coup. He remained a controversial figure until his death in 2021, and his legacy is likely to be the subject of debate for many years to come.
Unknown Facts about Musharraf:
- He was born in Delhi, India and migrated to Pakistan after the partition in 1947.
- He attended Saint Patrick’s High School and Forman Christian College in Lahore, Pakistan.
- He joined the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Pakistan Army in 1964.
- He served as the Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army from 1998 to 2007.
- He was the President of Pakistan from 2001 to 2008.
- He is the first military commander in Pakistan to seize power through a bloodless coup.
- He was a key player in the Kargil War between India and Pakistan in 1999.
- He played a key role in the global War on Terror and supported the US-led invasion of Afghanistan following the September 11 attacks.
- He is fluent in several languages, including Urdu, Punjabi, Hindi, and English.
In conclusion, Pervez Musharraf was a complex and controversial figure who left a lasting impact on the region and the world. Despite his many successes and achievements, he will always be remembered as the alleged mastermind behind the Kargil War, and as a leader who was marked by controversy and criticism.
His death marks the end of an era, and it remains to be seen what his legacy will be.